Overall, NAFTA has not been devastating or transformative for the Canadian economy. Opponents of the 1988 free trade agreement warned that Canada would become a glorified 51st state. While this has not been done, Canada has also not closed the productivity gap with the United States. According to the OECD, the country`s GDP per hour worked was 74% of U.S. GDP in 2012. US President Donald Trump opposed it during his election campaign and promised to renegotiate the agreement and «open it» if the US could not get its desired concessions. A renegotiated agreement between the United States and Mexico-Canada was adopted in 2020 to update NAFTA. But why did Trump and many of his supporters see NAFTA as «the worst trade deal of all time,» while others saw their main flaw as a lack of ambition and the solution as even more regional integration? What did we promise? What was delivered? Who were the winners of NAFTA and who were the losers? Read on to learn more about the history of the agreement, as well as the key players in the agreement, and how they paid off. In addition to this mutually beneficial partnership between the United States and Mexico, which stems from NAFTA, the United States also benefits from this agreement in another way.
Has the success of Mexico`s automotive sector reinforced the imbalance between NAFTA winners and losers? Some Mexican critics are concerned about income inequality between workers in the industry who have benefited from the country`s globalization and those who have been excluded from these benefits, especially the rural poor. Despite these benefits, the United States, Mexico and Canada renegotiated on September 30, 2018. The new agreement is referred to as the agreement between the United States, Mexico-Canada and ratified by the legislative branches of each country. Mexico was the first country to ratify the agreement in 2019. The U.S. Congress approved the agreement in mid-January and Donald Trump officially signed it on January 29, 2020. Canada ratified it on March 13, 2020. Not only are none of these other countries members of NAFTA, but none have a free trade agreement with the United States NAFTA is a free trade agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada, which came into force on January 1, 1994. Sixth, the agreement contributed to government spending. Government contracts for each country have been made available to suppliers in the three member countries.