Agreements Between States Subject To Congressional Approval Are Called Interstate

For example, an intergovernmental authority called the National Capital Region Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Authority was created under the Woodrow Wilson Bridge and the Compact Tunnel, Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia, to take over the ownership and operation of the bridge by the federal government. [58] The pact provides that the agency is governed by a thirteen-member body, four of which are appointed by each state and one member is appointed by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation. For voting purposes, seven members of this Board of Directors form a quorum, with the exception of eight votes for the issuance of bonds by the Agency and the approval of the Authority`s annual budget; For matters exclusively within the jurisdiction of one of the parties, two of its designated members must vote in favour of approval; and «single source» purchases of more than $100,000 in real estate, services or construction must be submitted for prior approval by the majority of board members. [59] [70] Id. to 243. A detailed list of governance and operational issues to be addressed can be found in the provisions relating to an intergovernmental agency at the Council of State Governments, Pact Governance, above 45. In addition to the rules contained in the Covenant itself, the Covenant may also order the intergovernmental agency created under it to adopt statutes in order to provide for additional rules. [53] [35] Buenger et al., supra note 2, at 237.

The purposes can be developed according to two target groups: legislators from states that wish to enter into the pact before being approved, and then those acting under the Covenant, as well as all judicial procedures that may be called upon to interpret or enforce it. Depending on the purpose of an intergovernmental pact, it may contain rules and procedures for future actions to promote the objectives of the pact. For example, compacts designed to create interstate boundaries, such as the Missouri-Nebraska Boundary Compact,[43] cannot contain procedures for ongoing Covenant activities. This pact first provides for the adjustment of the border between the two states and related issues, such as the definition of the transgression of state sovereignty over territories that have become members of the other state as a result of border adjustment, and the right to impose real estate located in acquired territory. [44] [33] No. Bancorp, Inc. v. B. of the Governors of the Fed. Reserve Sys., 472 U.S. 159, 176 (1985).

An example of such a pact would be a problem that covers a problem that affects all states, but only allows certain states to participate. Buenger et al., supra note 2, at 69. Treaties between states that, according to the articles of Confederation, were ratified after American independence in 1776 to the United States of today.

Categorías: Sin categoría

Los comentarios están cerrados.