At the same time, the borrower agrees to pay the bankbill reference interest rate (BBSW) on the same nominal principal amount to the bank. As a borrower, this allows you to lock in the interest rate on your loan instead of being at the mercy of the markets. There is no capital exchange, but only the difference between current market interest rates and the interest rate agreed by the FRA is exchanged. Although the N-Displaystyle N is the fictitious of the contract, the R-Displaystyle R is the fixed rate, the published -IBOR fixing rate and displaystyle rate of a decimal fraction of the value of the IBOR debit value. For the USD and EUR, it will be an ACT/360 agreement and an ACT/365 agreement. The cash amount is paid on the start date of the interest rate index (depending on the currency in which the FRA is traded, either immediately after or within two business days of the published IBOR fixing rate). The format in which the FRAs are listed is the term up to the due date and the due date, both expressed in months and generally separated by the letter «x.» An otC interest rate agreement (FRA) is an over-the-counter interest rate derivative in which the buyer pays or receives at maturity the difference between a fixed interest rate and a reference rate applied for a given period, either on a bond or on a loan (the face value is never exchanged). The contract determines the rates to be used at the same time as the termination date and the fictitious value. FRAs are used to help companies manage their interest commitments. Many banks and large companies will use GPs to cover future interest rate or exchange rate commitments. The buyer opposes the risk of rising interest rates, while the seller protects himself against the risk of lower interest rates. Other parties that use interest rate agreements are speculators who only want to bet on future changes in interest rates.  Development swaps of the 1980s offered organizations an alternative to FRAs for protection and speculation.
Interest rate swaps (IRS) are often considered a number of NAPs, but this view is technically incorrect due to the diversity of methods for calculating cash payments, resulting in very small price differentials.